Facial lines, creases and wrinkles often develop in our 30s and become more prominent in our 40s. Common concerns are the development of forehead lines, frown lines, crow’s feet, bunny lines, nasolabial folds as well as other fine lines and wrinkles. They are caused by the gradual loss of collagen, elastin and skin hydrators; repetitive facial expressions; gravity and mechanical compression. Frown lines are caused by repeated furrowing of the brows during facial expression.
Frown lines are caused by repeated furrowing of the brows during facial expression. The most effective way of treating these lines is with injections of Botulinum toxin type A, commonly referred to as ‘Botox’. These work by temporarily relaxing the muscles between the brows (Glabella muscles), which allows the overlying skin to become smoother.
Botulinum toxin has been used in medical treatments for over 4 decades and was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of wrinkles in 1989. It is now one of the most popular cosmetic treatments in the world. It works by temporarily blocking the connection between nerves and muscles, thereby enabling muscles to stay relaxed. Injections of Botulinum toxin type A, commonly referred to as ‘Botox’, to reduce the strength of Glabella muscles and therefore reduce their ability to furrow the brows.
Best for: wrinkles caused by facial expression
Dermal fillers can be used to plump the creases. Hyaluronic acid fillers work by creating volume and hydration within the skin to lift out deep creases. The treatment is done with numbing cream and the results are effective and long-lasting.
Best for: deep wrinkles
Biorevitalisation describes a treatment where light hyaluronic acid, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants are injected under the skin surface to rehydrate, brighten and smooth the skin. This is a refreshing treatment for wrinkles and lasts for approximately 6 months. The benefit of this treatment is that you reduce the depth of wrinkles but also retain the natural movement of the muscles around the eyes.
Best for: refreshing and hydrating the skin
Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser is the gold standard therapy for skin smoothing and tightening. CO2 laser creates tiny burns in the skin that stimulate the skin to repair and re-model into healthier skin. The treatment can be mild (for gentle resurfacing and stimulation), moderate (for skin tightening, treating pigmentation and fine lines) or intense (for acne scars and deep wrinkles). CO2 laser is an excellent way of treating fine lines around the eyes and the results are long-lasting.
Best for: skin tightening and long-term anti-ageing
Morpheus 8 is a device that combines microneedling with radiofrequency heat energy to smooth and firm the skin. As the small needles enter the skin, the tips of the needles heat up with radiofrequency energy. This sends controlled heat energy into the upper layers of the skin and stimulates collagen production, thus tightening, firming and smoothing the skin over several months after the treatment. Morpheus 8 is safe for any skin type and can be used alongside other treatments such as dermal fillers.